Endocrinology encompasses a branch of general medicine that relates to the collection of glands in the body that are responsible for producing hormones.
Hormones are essential for survival as they control our temperature, sleep, mood, stress, growth and more.
The major glands in the endocrine system are:
- Hypothalamus (controls body temperature, hunger, thirst, fatigue, and sleep)
- Pituitary (controls several hormone glands in your body)
- Thyroid (produces hormones that regular metabolic rate, heart, and digestive function, muscle control, brain development, mood, and bone maintenance)
- Parathyroids (responsible for calcium release)
- Adrenals (produce hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone)
- Pineal (produces and regulates some hormones such as melatonin)
- Pancreas (breaks down food and secretes hormones such as insulin and glucagon)
- Reproductive organs (ovaries and testes)
Endocrine diseases occur when hormone levels become too high or too low, or if the body does not react to hormones the way it is supposed to.
Conditions treated within endocrinology include:
- Thyroid disease
- Parathyroid disease
- Adrenal disease
- Bone and calcium disorders
Treatments for endocrine diseases involve controlling the amount of hormone the body produces and in cases where there is a hormone deficiency, the use of hormone supplements will help.
Our specialist endocrinologist will aim to restore hormone balance within the body’s systems.
Treatments available at The New Foscote Hospital
- Thyroid surgery
- Parathyroid surgery
- Adrenal surgery